Research and Development | Oncology
Vepdegestrant (ARV-471): An ER-Targeting Protein Degrader for Breast Cancer
Arvinas and Pfizer are collaborating to develop and commercialize vepdegestrant, an investigational, oral PROTAC® estrogen receptor protein degrader for the treatment of patients with estrogen receptor (ER) positive / human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) negative (ER+/HER2-) locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer.
This program is currently in Phase 3 clinical studies.
Vepdegestrant is currently under investigation. The safety and effectiveness of vepdegestrant have not yet been established.
About the Estrogen Receptor
What is estrogen receptor?
Estrogen receptor (ER) is a nuclear hormone receptor. The ER is part of a normal cellular pathway in which estrogen (a hormone) binds to the ER, leading to its movement to the cell’s nucleus and interactions with other signaling proteins. Breast cancers that test positive for ER are called ER-positive (or ER+) cancers.
How does ER relate to breast cancer?
Many breast cancers are known to be driven by estrogen receptor signaling. Women with metastatic ER+ breast cancer are often treated with hormone therapy, but in patients with aggressive disease, or whose disease continues to progress with a hormonal treatment regimen, chemotherapy may be prescribed and is not always successful. A significant unmet need remains for patients with ER+ breast cancer.
Why is ER an important target?
Breast cancer is the most common cancer and the second leading cause of cancer death in women. Approximately 80% of all newly diagnosed cases of breast cancer are ER+. ER degradation has been a long-standing therapeutic focus for Arvinas given the well-documented biology of ER signaling as a principal driver in breast cancer.
A Potential Novel Hormonal Therapy for ER+ Breast Cancer
Approximately 80% of all newly diagnosed cases of breast cancer are ER alpha-positive (ER+).
ER is the primary driver of hormone receptor (HR) positive breast cancer, which is the most common breast cancer subtype. Endocrine therapy is a backbone of ER+ breast cancer treatment and is used as monotherapy or as combination therapy as a standard of care across treatment settings.
In preclinical studies, vepdegestrant demonstrated up to 97% ER degradation in tumor cells, induced robust tumor shrinkage when dosed as a single agent in multiple ER-driven xenograft models, and showed increased anti-tumor activity compared to fulvestrant, both as a single agent and in combination with a CDK4/6 inhibitor. Vepdegestrant is a PROTAC® protein degrader that directly recruits the ubiquitin proteasome system to degrade the ER.
Resources for patients with breast cancer.
Learn more about our global collaboration with Pfizer.
- Lumachi, Santeufemia, Basso. Current medical treatment of estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer. World J Biol Chem. 2015 August 26;6(3) 231-239.
- Praise et al. Breast cancer subtypes as defined by the estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) among women with invasive breast cancer in California, 1999-2004. Breast J. 2009 Nov;15(6):593-602.
- Flanagan et al. SABCS 2018